Git Etiquette 101: Best Practices for Collaborative and Efficient Code Management

Git Etiquette 101: Best Practices for Collaborative and Efficient Code Management

Git is a powerful version control software that has become the industry standard for developers worldwide. In fact, being proficient in Git is more than just a useful skill – it's an essential tool that can help every developer become a better developer.

The aim of this blog is to introduce you to the best practices for using Git. While you may not always adhere to these practices when working on personal projects, they become crucial when working in a large team setting. Moreover, following the best Git practices is essential when solving coding assignments for job interviews. It helps showcase your proficiency in Git and demonstrates that you can work collaboratively with others while maintaining clean and organized code.

Best Git Practices

Create branches for new features, bug fixes, and experiments:

Feature branches: feature/{short-description-of-the-feature}

example: feature/add-social-login

Bug fix branches: bugfix/{short-description-of-the-bug}

example: bugfix/fix-login-api-error

Experimental branches: experimental/{short-description-of-the-experiment}

example: experimental/test-new-database-schema

  1. Keep each branch's scope limited:

    Let's say you have implemented an update profile API, then make sure the changes on the branch are only limited to the profile update. Trust me it will make your life easier in the long run.

  2. Write clear and concise commit messages:

    Make sure your commits make sense, make it more descriptive.

    Example: Instead of "Update profile", write "Add function to check if profile updation is valid"

  3. Keep your commits small and focused:

    Small and focused commits make it easier to track the progress of your project and understand what changes have been made. It is easier for your team members to review your code changes.

  4. Use the imperative tense in commit messages:

    Use imperative verbs (e.g. "Add," "Fix," "Refactor") to describe the change you made.

    Instead of "Refactoring navigation menu to use responsive design" write this "Refactor navigation menu to use responsive design"

  5. I am not going to go into the debate of merge vs rebase. DYOR here.

If you want to explore the power of git, then you can check out git hooks.

Conclusion

In conclusion, using Git is an essential skill for modern software development, and following best practices can help you and your team work more efficiently and effectively.

Also, give read my blog for best readme practices.

Cheers.